Spectrum Regulation

ATDI SOFTWARE TOOLS ARE FLEXIBLE ENOUGH TO MEET REGULATORS’ SPECTRUM MANAGEMENT AND MONITORING NEEDS INTO THE FORESEEABLE FUTURE

ATDI software tools are flexible enough to meet regulators’ spectrum management and monitoring needs into the foreseeable future
Overview

Spectrum Regulation


ATDI’s spectrum management tools are inthree formats: a set of desktop tools operating under client-server architecture, a range of applications for embedding into other systems, and a range of web utilities that provide specific spectrum management services.


ATDI complements this with a comprehensive consulting service. Its engineers have written user requirement definitions for battlespace and civil spectrum management systems; and they have implemented these systems across regulators, deploying and integrating software into existing systems for billing, contact management and accounts.


ATDI staff have implemented FAT (frequency allocation table), EFIS (European frequency information system) and other portals to facilitate service access from regulators’ web sites; and ATDI engineers have trained regulators’ staff in spectrum management business processes and the engineering aspects of the work.



ATDI’s spectrum management tool consists of four main products:


ICS telecom EV allows engineers to plan and model radio communications networks efficiently and to manage network development. Technology-neutral, ICS telecom EV also informs decisions made on spectrum management.


  • Interference analysis and frequency planning

  • EMC

  • GSM-R intermodulation

  • Health safety

  • Co-existence management studies

  • Population and traffic analysis

  • Advanced reporting capabilities

  • Mixed indoor / outdoor calculations

  • White space device calculations

  • Dynamic spectrum allocations

  • Technology evaluation

  • Site candidates

  • Business modelling

  • Network design

  • Automatic network planning and optimization

  • Spectrum optimizing

  • Spectrum engineering

  • Spectrum monitoring

  • Network proving

  • Engineering data sharing

  • System administration

  • Network optimization

  • Regulation constraints

  • Environment constraints

  • Wind turbines interference and constraints

  • International, bi-lateral and regional coordination

  • Integrates a variety of data sources including GIS (multi-maps, multi-resolutions, WMS, WMTS)

  • Manages all wireless technologies from 8kHz to 350GHz

  • Clustering (Smart Grid, Smart cities, Mesh, 5G…)


 


Spectrum E: Spectrum engineering online


  • Automated import from various databases

  • Automated frequency plan ranking and availability for frequency nomination purposes.


ICS manager is ATDI’s spectrum management database tool which meets the needs of all organizations responsible for the management of blocks of spectrum. It manages sites, equipment, licenses and fees.


  • License management, operational management

  • Calculation of fees following the technical and administrative parameters of the frequency assignments and the licenses

  • Generation of documents (report, invoices, receipts), billing, and payment follow-up

  • International notification, international coordination

  • Spectrum monitoring

  • Spectrum planning, frequency assignments

  • Zone allotments or band attributions

  • Web interface, web services, web portails

  • Management of data: antennas, equipment, site, frequency plans, allocation charts (foot notes, services…) etc.


 

HTZ warfare: Spectrum engineering, radio network planning and communication electronic warfare.


  • Network coverage calculations and analysis

  • Network optimization

  • Site searching

  • Network planning

  • Communication Electronic Warfare (EW)

  • Battlefield communications modeling

  • On-the-Move capabilities

  • Radar (coverage, counter-measurement…)

  • Jamming

  • Direction finding

  • TDOA

  • Interception

  • Spectrum engineering

  • Frequency coordination

  • Automatic frequency assignment

  • White-space calculation

  • Interference analysis

  • Frequency sharing

  • Map builder (DTM, Clutter, Buildings, Vectors)

  • Online map servers

  • Geoportals

  • Integrated GIS

  • Massive parallelism

  • Remote coverage calculation

  • Access points

  • Load balancing

  • Multi-Core

  • Command line


Advanced functions
AM/FM AND TELEVISION BROADCAST


  • Service area contour analysis for AM broadcast stations in line with ITU-R P.1147-4 (considering day/night coverage)

  • Propagation analyses of digital signals in the VHF/UHF bands using ITU-R P.1546-4 and ITU-R P.1812-2

  • Automated interference analysis and reporting between proposed and incumbent FM broadcast stations in line with ITU-R BS.412-9

  • Microwave

  • Point-to-point link reliability and path profile reporting using ITU-R P.530-12

  • Automated interference analysis and reporting between proposed and incumbent microwave links per TSB.10-F

  • Air navigation Systems

  • Radar line-of-sight coverage according to ITU-R P.525-2

  • Minimum Safe Distance Clearance Contour generation for navigational aids (VOR, DME, TACAN)

  • Siting analysis for wind turbine proposals

  • Worst-case Fresnel Zone analysis for microwave links.


LAND MOBILE RADIO


  • Talk-out and talk-in coverage analysis using multiple propagation models including Longley-Rice, Okumura-Hata-Davidson and ITU-R P.1546

  • Automated service area reliability, degradation analysis and reporting between proposed stations and co-and adjacent channel incumbent stations


HF SYSTEMS


  • Skywave and groundwave propagation simulation based on ITU-R P.533-10 and ITU-R P.368-9

  • Point-to-point skywave signal-to-noise plots

  • Percentage of day covered coverage prediction type


ADDITIONAL FEATURES


  • Customizable 2D prediction displays

  • 3D terrain view with vector and prediction overlay

  • Percent coverage analysis

  • SHP vector import and coverage carving

  • Downlink coverage overlap reporting

  • Report template editing features

  • Skywave and Groundwave propagation simulation based on ITU-R P.533-10 and ITU-R P.368-9.


Case studies

Controlling data and putting it to work



Challenge


A European regulator needed to know the location, purpose and power of each base station in its country. In addition, because of the nation’s strong tradition of open government, it was important for the regulator to be able to publish this information for public scrutiny and comment. ATDI’s task was to find a way of collating data from the competing companies using the spectrum, then to establish how to integrate that information into the regulator’s existing systems and, finally, to present the figures as a workable database which could be accessed, searched and updated via the current spectrum management system.


Solution


ATDI engineers analyzed the process of importing external operator data into the database management system of ATDI’s ICS manager software tool. The procedures created utilized the new Harmonized Computer Method (HCM) functionality component within ICS manager. Thus, on receipt of information about the base stations from operators, the regulator was able to import, access and amend data as required. The end result was a database incorporating every tower and its function across the country. This enabled the regulator to ensure appropriate provision of radio communications services across the nation while assuring the Green lobby that power was not being wasted nor were the population being subjected to unnecessarily emissions.


ATDI: Controlling data and putting it to work



Fields strenght exposure



Challenge


Limited information may cause citizens to worry and complain.Authorities are facing a dilemma: digital growth vs. citizen protection. Although local councils have limited legal rights to prevent the rollout of base stations, politicians continue to haveinfluence which means concerns about human exposure may hamper the development of broadband communications. Regulators can play the key role of trusted party: they can gather technical information from operators, disclose information publicly, perform simulation and check for any potential issues with measurements, propose mitigation tactics and discuss implementation with operators while making, results publicly available, organize national discussions and issue guidelines.


Solution


HTZ can provide field strength exposure based on a high-resolution cartographic dataset including:Digital Terrain Model (DTM) describing the ground altitude of each point, building layer describing the contour and the height of each building, in raster format -if possible in vector format - image form WMS servers (Bing, Google, …), and an address database coming from Bing servers. 3D coverage calculations, which include the power sum of all signals received based on ECC 1999 method for building facades and/or outdoor/indoor in LOS/NLOS mode from street to building rooftop. Graphical analysis of Hot points on a given point (address) can provide information about received signals and the level at which each signal is received. Hot points can be located on the 2D view as well and street view images around a given hot point can be displayed - hot points are automatically reported. ATDI’s solution can provide public access to the information. Locations with field strength greater than a given value can be published online. Transmitting sites can be located on the map including field strength on buildings. Thanks to a geo-reverse location engine, people can get information about exposure level. Protected sites can be located on the map (schools, hospitals…). The web portal can be fully customized on demand.


ATDI: The answer to interference



Smoothing the path of radio auction



Challenge


A European regulator was preparing for an auction of spectrum to operators of Long Term Evolution (LTE) mobile networks and asked ATDI to provide the planning and modelling that would identify potential of the frequencies, areas where there might be issues and what strategies and tactics were available to reduce or remove those issues. All parties were acutely conscious that in this mountainous country, the population was concentrated in a few cities and that the frequencies for sale were close to those used by television broadcasters; significant interference to either the television or LTE signals would not be acceptable, nor would wholesale exclusion of the rural population from services.


Solution


To reduce the interference between television and LTE networks, several mitigation techniques were investigated in a sample area around the capital city. One of the most efficient mitigation techniques was found to be to limit the interfering LTE base stations to only vertical polarization; this is based on the fact that, with a few minor exceptions, the country’s digital television network is horizontally polarized. ATDI also proposed that while network designs were being completed, LTE operators should consider the interference potential to the television networks and suggest mitigation techniques they could deploy to overcome the effects, including filtering. In addition, the company advocated a feasibility study to assess the re-assignment of spectrum of affected areas away from channels 58 to 60; the study would also look at the effect of not using these channels in highly populated areas.


ATDI: Smoothing the path of radio auction



Spectrum management - Spectrum monitoring - Human Hazard - e-Licensing